Narcotics Anonymous (NA) is the most well-known and widely available self-help group for drug addicts in treatment and recovery. Unlike Alcoholics Anonymous, which is limited to alcohol problems, Narcotics Anonymous is open to substance abuse problems of all kinds.
NA uses fellowship and a set of guided principles—the 12 steps—to help members achieve and maintain sobriety. The twelve recovery steps include admitting powerlessness over the addiction and surrendering to a “higher power,” which you can interpret according to your own beliefs.
A key part of a 12-step program is choosing a sponsor. A sponsor is a former addict who has time and experience remaining sober and can provide support when you’re dealing with the urge to use.
NA members attend group meetings facilitated by other members—all recovering drug addicts. Meetings take place on a regular basis, at various times, and in many different locations around the world. Members are free to attend any of the many meetings held each week.
The 12 stepsThe twelve-step process involves:
- admitting that you are powerless to control your addiction or compulsion
- recognizing a higher power “as you understand it” that can give strength
- reviewing the mistakes you’ve made in the past, with the help of your sponsor
- making amends for past mistakes and wrongs
- learning how to live a new life, free from old unhealthy habits and ways of behaving
- helping fellow drug addicts
Other self-help support groups for drug addiction
There are alternatives to Narcotics Anonymous for those who have other interests or special needs. These groups have different philosophies about drug addiction treatment and recovery, yet offer the same benefits of group support.
12-step groups for co-occurring substance abuse and mental health problems
Co-occurring disorders, also referred to as dual diagnosis, is a term used when you have both a mental health disorder—such as depression, anxiety, or bipolar disorder—and a drug or alcohol problem.
Both the mental health issue and the addiction have their own unique symptoms that may get in the way of your ability to function, handle life’s difficulties, and relate to others. Whether your mental health issue or addiction came first, recovery depends on treating both problems.
The following 12-step group addresses both substance abuse problems and co-occurring mental health disorders:
Dual Recovery AnonymousSecular Organizations for Sobriety (SOS)Secular Organizations for Sobriety (SOS) is an international organization that takes a science-based, self-empowerment approach to abstinence and recovery from drug and alcohol addiction.
A network of independent meetings with an alternative recovery methodPromotes abstinence and provides support from others struggling with the same issuesEncourages self-empowerment approaches to recovery for those who are uncomfortable with the spiritual content of AATakes the approach that sobriety is a separate issue from religion or spiritualityCredits the individual for achieving and maintaining his or her own sobriety, without reliance on any higher powerSMART Recovery (Self-Management And Recovery Training)SMART Recovery (Self-Management and Recovery Training) is a program that aims for abstinence from alcohol or drugs through self-empowerment and self-directed change.
Emphasizes self-empowerment, self-reliance, and self-directed changeBased on principles of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)Teaches specific tools and techniques within a 4-point program:Enhancing and maintaining motivation to abstainCoping with urgesProblem solving (managing thoughts, feelings, and behaviors)Lifestyle balance (balancing momentary and enduring satisfactions)Cognitive strategies (positive thinking)Letting the body help (relaxation techniques, meditation, diet, and physical exercise)